Someone mentioned in a post recently that he was having some problems pushing
hard near the end of a race. I thought I would offer a few things that I do to help maintain or increase pace in those late
stages of a race when your legs and cardio-respiratory system are crying for relief.
There are certain things you can do in training to help prepare you for this
challenge, such as increasing the pace toward the end of a long run when you are tired. And making sure that your speedwork
is paced so that the last couple of intervals or hill repeats are the fastest, as well as the hardest. But, once you are in
a race, it's too late to deal with training. You've got to make the most you can of the preparation that you have.
If you have run the first part of the race much too fast and are in severe oxygen
debt with a lot of lactic acid built up in your legs toward the end, you probably blew it and won't be able to maintain pace.
You will just have to accept a slower finish and learn from the experience. If you have run a smartly paced race, or even
more conservatively than necessary in the first part, you have a good opportunity to really "go for it" at the end. Either
way, the last part of the race is the hardest part and the tricks that you use late in a race to get the most that you can
out of it should be chosen to take your mind off of how you feel and how much you want to ease up. In other words, try to
take your mind off of those things that are demanding your attention......your screaming lower body, racing heart and gasping
One obvious thing is to focus on passing other runners. Pick them off one at
a time. After you pull up behind one, give a little more of a push to pass with authority. It will give you a psychological
boost. Plus, the momentary increase in pace will make your "normal" pace feel just a little easier when your "extra push"
eases. Then focus on the next runner and go after him/her. If you are running close to someone else when you are within a
couple hundred yards/meters of the finish line, challenge him/her to race to the finish. You don't even have to waste energy
and breath to discuss it. Sometimes just a glance will do. Or just yell "Let's Go!" with a big exhale.
Run the last 10-20% of a race on your upper body. And, I don't mean running on
your hands. For every stride, there is a corresponding arm swing.....and vice versa. If you can maintain or increase your
arm swing rhythm and pace, your leg turnover must keep up....no matter how badly they feel. (One fast runner who usually posts
on the Competitive Forum thanked me for this tip and said that it helped him to pull a 30 second PR out of the last mile of
this year's Boston Marathon after I posted it a week before the race.) I think of the upper body as an auxiliary engine that
you can call on late in the race. Just let it idle through most of the race, so it should be fresh to "take over" later. Still,
in a long race, such as a marathon, shoulders and arms can also get tired. After all there are approximately 40,000 arm swings,
as well as strides, in a marathon. Upper body weight work as part of your training regimen helps to prepare you for it.
Check your form frequently. Most of us have a tendency to lean forward at the
waist and let our butt slip back when we are tired. When this happens, your running efficiency is reduced. You have to expend
more energy for the same forward progress. Compounding it, when you slump forward, your lungs are compressed slightly and
their capacity is reduced. (You can sample the effect of slumping on lung capacity while running easy or even while sitting
in your chair reading this.) Just when your body is screaming for more oxygen, a slump reduces the amount available to distressed
muscles. So, think about keeping your head up, shoulders back and pelvis forward. Running develops our back and buttocks,
but not our abdominals, which are critical to maintaining pelvic balance and positioning. Bent knee sit-ups and crunches to
strengthen the abdominal muscles help here.
Finally, relax. I know. How can you relax when you feel as though you are going
to die. But, as your body tenses, your form goes to hell, you tend to lean forward, your stride shortens and you slow down.
It is important to keep your muscles as loose and relaxed as possible while, at the same time, pushing them as hard as you
can. Again, focusing on the upper body is the key to relaxing when the natural tendency is to tense. While monitoring your
arm swing, also concentrate on keeping your hands, shoulders and jaw loose. If you can keep these areas relaxed, the rest
of your body will follow.
Just a few thoughts re getting the most you can from the late stages of a race.
Hope someone finds something in them that helps their final push for the finish line.